As in any trade, hobby, sport, etc the right equipment will help in achieving the goal. There are a number of obvious basics in photography - camera, lens(es), film/memory card. There are also items which would be considered basic depending on the area of photography - tripod, filters, lighting. And there are many more items that can be added to either the basic list or esoteric items list.
Within each category there are also of course levels of quality, craftsmanship, and expense. In today's photo I've shown 2 lenses which could be considered at opposite ends of the scale - an 18-55mm basic kit zoom lens and a high end, professional 70-200mm 2.8L zoom lens, with the latter costing approx. 10x as much as the first. Surprisingly perhaps, the basic kits lens does a pretty good job of taking sharp pictures - it doesn't have the versatility or range of the pro lens nor will it compete head to head on quality.
Today's photo was taken with a 60mm macro lens, one of my 3 favourites. (I'll try to remember to post what lens each day's photo was taken with, for the curious).